Zurinahni Zainol, Associate Professor Dr.

  • Zurinahni 

  • Associate Professor

    Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Tel : +604 653 3640/4380
    Fax : +604 653 3335
    Room : 728/704D

    School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang

    Research Cluster

    Data To Knowledge, Services Computing

  • Research Interest

    Information Retrieval using Machine Learning, Feature Selection in Multidisciplinary Domain, i.e: Education, Health, Bioinformatic


    • Theory of Database Design and Management
    • XML Document Schema Design
    • Data Model
    • Software Development using Formal Specification
    • Artificial Intelligence




FRGS, A Semantic Case Representation for Case-based Reasoning in Depression Diagnosis (RM 70,000), Project Head, (2020-2023: Ongoing)

TRGS, A New Model for Content Understanding and Knowledge Dissemination of the Quran using Intelligent Data Model (RM 365500), Project Member, (2016-2020: Ongoing)

Bridging Grant, Predictive Model for Suicide Attempt using Artificial Intelligence Approach (RM 25,000), Project Head, (2019-2020: Completed)

RUI Grant, Management of Big Data Storage Based on Document Oriented Data Model (RM 70,619), Project Head, (2017-2020: Completed)

RUI Grant, Automatic Generation of XML Document Schema Using G-DTD (RM 35,000), Project Head, (2014-2016: Completed)

USM Incentive Grant, Application of Formal Specification Method in Software Development in Industrial and Academic in Malaysia: A survey (RM5,000), Project Head, (2012-2013: Completed)

E-Science Fund, A Portal of an Integrated Molecular Structure Database of Antimicrobial Components From Natural Resources (RM 196,996), Project Head, (2007-2010: Completed)

Short-Term Grant, A Prototype to Integrate and Manipulate Protein Database Using Bioperl and XML (RM 6821), Project Head, (2004-2006: Completed)

USM Incentive Grant, A Tool to Access Distributed Protein Database on PC Cluster (RM 9496), Project Head, (2002-2004: Completed)

IRPA Short Term, Web Based Personalized Fitness Monitoring (RM 20,000), Project Head, (2001-2002: Completed)



Shyaa, M.A., Zainol, Z., Abdullah, R., Anbar, M., Alzubaidi, L., Santamaría, J. Enhanced Intrusion Detection with Data Stream Classification and Concept Drift
Guided by the Incremental Learning Genetic Programming Combiner (2023) Sensors, 23, pp. 3736. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/s23073736.

Nordin N., Zainol Z., Noor M.H.M., Lai Fong C. An Explainable Predictive Model for Suicide Attempt Risk using An Ensemble Learning and Shapley Additive Explanations (SHAP) Approach (2023) Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 79, pp. 103316. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2022.103316.


Saeed Z. R., Zainol, Z., Zaidan B.B., Alamoodi A.H. A Systematic Review on Systems-Based Sensory Gloves for Sign Language Pattern Recognition: An Update From 2017 to 2022 (2022) IEEE Access, 10, pp. 123358. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3219430.

Nordin N., Zainol Z., Noor M.H.M., Lai Fong C. Suicidal Behaviour Prediction Models using Machine Learning Techniques: A Systematic Review (2022) Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. DOI: 10.1016/j.artmed.2022.102395.

Nordin N., Zainol Z., Noor M.H.M., Lai Fong C. Explainable Machine Learning Models for Suicidal Behavior Prediction (2022) 6th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI2022). DOI: 10.1145/3545729.3545754.

Alshoura W. H., Zainol Z., Teh J. S., Alawida M. An FPP-resistant SVD-based Image Watermarking Scheme based on Chaotic Control (2022) Alexandria Engineering Journal, 61, pp 5713. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2021.10.052.


Sharifai A.G., Zainol Z. Multiple Filter-Based Rankers to Guide Hybrid Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm and Simulated Annealing for Feature Selection with High Dimensional Multi-Class Imbalanced Datasets (2021) IEEE Access, 9, pp. 74127–74142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3081366.

Alshoura W.H., Zainol Z., Teh, J.S., Alawida, M., Alabdulatif, A. Hybrid SVD-Based Image Watermarking Schemes: A Review (2021) IEEE Access, 9, pp. 32931–32968, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3060861

Sebbeh-Newton S., Ayawah P.E.A., Azure J.W.A, Kaba A.G.A, Ahmad F., Zainol Z., Zabidi H. Towards TBM automation: On-the-fly characterization and classification of ground conditions ahead of a TBM using data-driven approach (2021) Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(3), pp. 1–18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app11031060

Ngatirin N. R., Zainol Z. Automatic Detection of Learning Styles: A Decade Review on Data-driven Approaches (2021) Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Asian Conference on Intelligent Computing and Data Sciences (ACIDS 2021). 1997, pp. 1. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1997/1/012001.

Kamarudin A. N. A., Zainol Z. , Abu Kassim N. F. Forecasting the Dengue Outbreak using Machine Learning Algorithm: A Review (2021) International Conference of Women in Data Science at Taif University (WiDSTaif ), Saudi Arabia, pp. 1-5, DOI: 10.1109/WiDSTaif52235.2021.9430193.

Kamarudin A. N. A., Zainol Z. , Abu Kassim N. F., Sharif, R. Prediction of COVID-19 Cases in Malaysia by Using Machine Learning: A Preliminary Testing, (2021) International Conference of Women in Data Science at Taif University (WiDSTaif ), Saudi Arabia, pp. 1-6, DOI: 10.1109/WiDSTaif52235.2021.9430222.

Nordin N., Zainol Z., Noor M.H.M., Lai Fong C. A comparative study of machine learning techniques for suicide attempts predictive model (2021) Health Informatics Journal, 27(1), pp. 1-16. DOI: 10.1177/1460458221989395.


Sharifai A.G., Zainol Z. The Correlation-Based Redundancy Multiple-filter Approach for Gene Selection (2020) International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics (IJDNM), 23(1), pp. 62-78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJDMB.2020.105437.

Sharifai A.G., Zainol Z. Feature Selection for High-Dimensional and Imbalanced Biomedical Data Based on Robust Correlation Based Redundancy and Binary Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (2020) Genes, 11 (7), pp. 717. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11070717.

Alshoura W.H., Zainol Z., Teh, J.S., Alawida, M. A New Chaotic Image Watermarking Scheme based on SVD and IWT (2020) IEEE Access, 8, pp. 43391-43406. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2978186.

Kamarudin A. N. A., Zainol Z., Abu Kassim N. F. Predicting the Misconception of Dengue Disease based on the Awareness Survey (2020) Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 9(4), pp. 1631-1637. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v9i4.2390.

Ngatirin N. R., Zainol Z. Learning Styles and Personality Traits of Computer Science Undergraduates in Malaysia (2020) The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education, 10, pp. 49-59.


Hamouda, S., Zainol, Z. Semi-structured data model for big data (SS-DMBD) (2019) DATA 2019 - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Data Science, Technology and Applications, , pp. -348. DOI: 356

Hamouda, S., Zainol, Z., Anbar, M. A flexible schema for document oriented database (SDOD) (2019) IC3K 2019 - Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, 2, pp. -413. DOI: 419


Abdul Razzaq, A.A., Abdul Rashid, N., Abbood, A.A., Zainol, Z. The improved hybrid algorithm for the Atheer and Berry-ravindran algorithms (2018) International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 8 (6), pp. -4321. DOI: 4333

Tan, A.T., Zainol, Z. Flowgraph model for anti-collision authentication process in RFID system (2018) Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 127, pp. -571. DOI: 576

Hamouda, S., Zainol, Z. Document-Oriented Data Schema for Relational Database Migration to NoSQL (2018) Proceedings - 2017 International Conference on Big Data Innovations and Applications, Innovate-Data 2017, 2018-January, pp. -43. DOI: 50

Ngatirin, N.R., Zainol, Z., Rashid, N.A. Fuzzy case-based approach for detection of learning styles: A proposed model (2018) Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13 (2), pp. -321. DOI: 327


Sempo, M.W., Salam, R.A., Mohd, R.A., Zainudin, W.N.R.A.B., Zainol, Z.B., Zaki, Z.B.M., Ibrahim, M.A.B., Sayuti, M.N.S.M. The quranic philosophy on superiority of audio sense against visual sense based on the book of exegesis and science reports (2017) Advanced Science Letters, 23 (5), pp. -4765. DOI: 4768

Ngatirin, N.R., Zainol, Z., Yoong, T.L.C. A comparative study of different classifiers for automatic personality prediction (2017) Proceedings - 6th IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering, ICCSCE 2016, , pp. -435. DOI: 440

Yoong, T.L.C., Ngatirin, N.R., Zainol, Z. Personality prediction based on social media using decision tree algorithm (2017) Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology, 25 (S4), pp. -237. DOI: 248


Ngatirin, N.R., Zainol, Z., Fang, W.C. Mobile Agile Peer Assisted Learning (2016) 2016 3rd International Conference on Computer and Information Sciences, ICCOINS 2016 - Proceedings, , pp. -71. DOI: 76

Razzaq, A.A.A., Rashid, N.A., Hasan, A.A., Abu-Hashem, M.A., Zainol, Z. New searching technique of hybrid exact string matching algorithm (2016) International Review on Computers and Software, 11 (10), pp. -884. DOI: 897

Rashid, N.A., Lim, L.W., Eng, O.S., Ping, T.H., Zainol, Z., Majid, O. A framework of an automatic assessment system for learning programming (2016) Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 362, pp. -967. DOI: 977


Majid, O.B., Hilmi, M.F., Rashid, N.A., Syed-Mohammad, S.M., Malim, N., Zainol, Z. Collaborative Learning Environment with Think-Pair-Share Method and Learning Tools for Learning Arabic Online (2015) Proceedings - 2013 Taibah University International Conference on Advances in Information Technology for the Holy Quran and Its Sciences, NOORIC 2013, , pp. -77. DOI: 82


Tan, A.T., Zainol, Z., Budiarto, R. Flowgraph models for estimating total time of authentication process in RFID system (2013) Journal of the Franklin Institute, 350 (5), pp. -1298. DOI: 1311

Zainol, Z., Wang, B. XML documents normalization using GN-DTD (2013) Information Retrieval Methods for Multidisciplinary Applications, , pp. -54. DOI: 77

Mohamed, H.H., Mohd, M.R.A., Husain, W., Zainol, Z., Rashid, N.A., Majid, O.A., Ghazali, M., Rahim, M.Y.A., Mahmod, A.R.H. M-umrah: An android-based application to help pilgrims in performing Umrah (2013) Proceedings - 2013 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies, ACSAT 2013, , pp. -385. DOI: 389


Zainol, Z., Wang, B. GN-DTD: Graphical notations for describing XML documents (2010) 2nd International Conference on Advances in Databases, Knowledge, and Data Applications, DBKDA 2010, , pp. -214. DOI: 221

Zainol, Z., Wang, B. XML document design via GN-DTD (2010) European Journal of Scientific Research, 44 (2), pp. -314. DOI: 336


Sulaiman, S., Rashid, N.A.A., Zainol, Z., Sulaiman, S. Novices' expectations in gaining theoretical knowledge and practical skills in software development or maintenance (2008) Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering, SE 2008, , pp. -262. DOI: 267


Zainol, Z., Taib, N. Duplicate detection for protein data using simple close algorithm (2007) Proceedings of DFMA 2006 - 2nd International Conference on Distributed Frameworks for Multimedia Applications, , pp. -144. DOI: 149


Dol, Z., Salam, R.A., Zainol, Z. Face feature extraction using Bayesian network (2006) Proceedings - GRAPHITE 2006: 4th International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Australasia and Southeast Asia, , pp. -261. DOI: 264


Zainol, Z., Salam, R.A., Abdullah, R., Nur'aini, Husain, W. A system to integrate and manipulate protein database using BioPerl and XML (2005) Proceedings - Wec 05: Fourth World Enformatika Conference, 6, pp. -217. DOI: 220


Tan Aik Theng, A Method for Estimating RFID Protocol Execution Time Based on Flowgraph Model (Completed)

Nor Rahayu Binti Ngatirin, A Framework to Enhance Motivation and Understanding towards Introductory Programming Courses through Scrum and Mobile Peer Assisted Learning

Hamouda Shady M S, Migration Relational Database to Document-Oriented Database Based on Document Oriented Data Scheme (Completed)

Garba Abdulrauf Sharifai, BIG DATA ANALYTICS AND MINING (Completed)

Wafa' Hamdan Suleiman Alshoura, New approach of combinatorial testing

Aminu Maigari, Impact of Big Data Analytics on supply chain system in Oil and gas companies

Abrar Noor Akramin Bin Kamarudin, Vector-Bourne Disease Prediction by Using Machine Learning Technique for Penang Smart City

Noratikah Binti Nordin, Prediction by machine learning of suicide attempts among adolescents in Malaysia


Advanced Programming and Data Structure

Structure Discrete

Database Organization and Design

Computer Organization

Recognition & Leadership

Academic Awards

Study Leave Award with Full Salary to Pursue Study on Master of Science (Artificial Intteligence ) 1993, USM, Penang, Malaysia

Study Leave Award with Full Salary to Pursue Study on Phd In Computer Science,University of Hull, HULL, UK, 2008-2012

Scholarship Award from University of Hull, UK, 2008-2012

Bronze Award for M-Umrah, Aplikasi Mudah Alih Haji dan Umrah, 5th Exposition on Islamic Innovation 2014 (i_Inova 2014), 28-30 November,USIM, 2014.

Excellent Services Award, USM, 2014

Excellent Services Award for Community Engagement, USM, 2014

Trainning of Trainer (TOT) – Capacity Building Leadership in Community Engagement for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia’, 21-22 April 2015, USM, Penang, Malaysia

Excellent Services Award, USM, 2019


Coordinator, Diploma Programme for Legenda College, 2005-2007    

Deputy Dean For Student Affairs and Networking, 2013-2015

Deputy Dean For Academic, Career and International, 2015- 2021


Course Consultant for Computer Organization for Stamford,  ITTAR, Lagenda and IKATAN

Consultant Project e-directory for Unit Pembangunan Bumiputure Pulau Pinang.  (2018-2020) 

Workshop: Introduction to Machine Learning by Python, Sophic Sdn Bhd. (2020)                                                                             

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School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Penang, Malaysia
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