Mohammad Rafie Hj. Mohd Arshad, Associate Professor

  • Rafie 

  • Associate Professor

    Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Tel : +604 653 3616
    Fax : +604 653 3335
    Room : 725

    School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang

    Research Cluster

    Service Computing

  • Research Interest

    • Management Of Information Systems, Multimedia Systems, E- Learning & Virtual Reality


    • Adaptive Hypermedia Learning System
    • RFID Technology


BA. Macalaster College, Minnesota, U.S.A. 
MBA-MIS, Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.



Adaptive Hypermedia Learning System
This research hopes to develop an adaptive hypermedia e-learning system. The methods and algorithm used in designing an adaptive hypermedia system through user modeling will be examined. 

RFID Technology
This research will look at some issues in the implementation of RFID technology such as system integration, middleware development, anti-collision software, tag choice and affixing method, reader/tag interaction, privacy, security and user-friendliness. Currently, we are implementing a pilot project on RFID Pilgrims Tagging System for surveillance and monitoring.



Disaster Relief and Preparedness: ResQBanjir : A Mobile Apps For Emergency Rescue, Evacuation and Relief Center Management

AplikasiMudahAlih Haji & Umrah

Pembangunan AplikasiSistemMudahAlih Umrah

Virtual Health Connect (VHC): A Community-based Immunisation Scheduler and Manager




Abdullah, W.N.F.W., Mohd. Arshad, M.R., Karkonasasi, K., Mousavi, S.A., Mohamed, H. RFID smart shelf based on reference tag technique (2019) Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 843, pp. 499-509. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-99007-1_47


Alobaydi, E.K., Alkhayat, R.Y., Arshad, M.R.M., Ahmed, E.R. Context-aware ubiquitous Arabic vocabularies learning system (U-Arabic): A framework design and implementation (2018) Proceedings - 7th IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering, ICCSCE 2017, 2017-November, pp. 23-28. DOI: 10.1109/ICCSCE.2017.8284373

Gharaibeh, M.K., Arshad, M.R.M., Gharaibh, N.K. Using the UTAUT2 model to determine factors affecting adoption of mobile banking services: A qualitative approach (2018) International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 12 (4), pp. 123-134. DOI: 10.3991/ijim.v12i4.8525

Mohamed, H.H., Arshad, M.R.H.M., Azmi, M.D. Mobile decision support system with dynamic knowledge base using decision tree and Case-Based reasoning (2018) International Journal of Business Information Systems, 29 (1), pp. 42-58. DOI: 10.1504/IJBIS.2018.094004

Safie, A.B., Mohd Arshad, M.R., Idris, N.B. Acceptance Factor of Mobile Learning Application for Adult Learners in Life Long Learning Education (2018) Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1019 (1), pp. -. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1019/1/012070

Gharaibeh, M.K., Mohd Arshad, M.R. The impact of demographic factors and visual aesthetics of mobile application interface on intention to use mobile banking in Jordan (2018) Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 96 (4), pp. 937-945. DOI:

Gharaibeh, M.K., Mohd Arshad, M.R. Determinants of intention to use mobile banking in the North of Jordan: Extending UTAUT2 with mass media and trust (2018) Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13 (8), pp. 2023-2033. DOI: 10.3923/jeasci.2018.2023.2033

Ali, R.A., Mohd Arshad, M.R. Empirical analysis on factors impacting on intention to use M-learning in basic education in Egypt (2018) International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 19 (2), pp. 253-270. DOI: 10.19173/irrodl.v19i2.3510


Bindahman, S., Arshad, M.R.H.M., Zakaria, N. Attribute based diversity model for privacy preservation (2017) ICIT 2017 - 8th International Conference on Information Technology, Proceedings, , pp. 524-531. DOI: 10.1109/ICITECH.2017.8080053

Alobaydi, E.K., Mustaffa, N., Alkhayat, R.Y., Arshad, M.R.H.M. U-Arabic: Design perspective of context-aware ubiquitous Arabic vocabularies learning system (2017) Proceedings - 6th IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering, ICCSCE 2016, , pp. 1-6. DOI: 10.1109/ICCSCE.2016.7893535

Yousef, W.S.M., Arshad, M.R.H.M., Zahary, A. Vehicle rewarding for video transmission over VANETs using Real Neighborhood and Relative Velocity (RNRV) (2017) Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 95 (2), pp. 242-258. DOI:

Ali, R.A., Arshad, M.R.M. Investigating the perception of students regarding Mlearning concept in Egyptian schools (2017) International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 11 (6), pp. 112-122. DOI: 10.3991/ijim.v11i6.7361


Lim, C.Y., Mohd Arshad, M.R.H. A triad-based contextualisation approach for understanding of a critical issue in a government investment agency (2016) IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems, 136 (12), pp. 1753-1758. DOI: 10.1541/ieejeiss.136.1753

Mohamed, H.Hj., Arshad, M.R.Hj.M., Azmi, M.D. M-HAJJ DSS: A mobile decision support system for Hajj pilgrims (2016) 2016 3rd International Conference on Computer and Information Sciences, ICCOINS 2016 - Proceedings, , pp. 132-136. DOI: 10.1109/ICCOINS.2016.7783202

Mousavi, S.A., Hanifeloo, Z., Sumari, P., Arshad, M.R.M. Enhancing the diagnosis of corn pests using gabor wavelet features and SVM classification (2016) Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 75 (6), pp. 349-354. DOI:

Mousavi, S.A., Sumari, P., Hanifeloo, Z., Arshad, M.R.M. A robust method to detect and track moving targets in cluttered scenes with respect to illumination changes (2016) International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 11 (7), pp. 5277-5283. DOI:

Mousavi, S.A., Hanifeloo, Z., Sumari, P., Arshad, M.R.M. Retinopathy of prematurity detection in infants using gamma transformation and gabor wavelet on tiles of retinal images (2016) International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 8 (2), pp. 700-706. DOI:


Alipour, M., Manesh, A.S., Mousavi, S.A., Sumari, P., Arshad, M.R.M. Digital finite - field for data coding and error correction in GF(2m) (2015) International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 7 (4), pp. 1297-1303. DOI:

Mousavi, S.A., Meghdadi, M., Hanifeloo, Z., Sumari, P., Arshad, M.R.M. Old and worn banknote detection using sparse representation and neural networks (2015) Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8 (10), pp. 913-918. DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i10/53961


Bhalalusesa, R.P., Mohd Arshad, M.R. Using search results metadata to discover effective learning objects for mobile devices (2014) Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 285 LNEE, pp. 605-612. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-4585-18-7_68

Al-Hashedi, A.H., Mohd Arshad, M.R.H., Baharudin, A.S., Mohamed, H.H., Osman, O. Strategic information systems planning for RFID implementation in Hajj management systems (2014) Conference Proceedings - 6th International Conference on Information Technology and Multimedia at UNITEN: Cultivating Creativity and Enabling Technology Through the Internet of Things, ICIMU 2014, , pp. 146-150. DOI: 10.1109/ICIMU.2014.7066620

Mousavi, S.A., Arshad, M.R.H.M., Mohamed, H.H., Sumari, P., Panahian Fard, S. P300 detection in electroencephalographic signals for brain-computer interface systems: A neural networks approach (2014) Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 277 LNEE, pp. 355-363. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-01766-2_41


Al-Hashedi, A.H., Mohd Arshad, M.R., Baharudin, A.S., Mohamed, H.H. RFID applications in Hajj management system (2013) 2013 IEEE International Conference on RFID-Technologies and Applications, RFID-TA 2013, , pp. -. DOI: 10.1109/RFID-TA.2013.6694546

Hui, N.M., Chieng, L.B., Ting, W.Y., Mohamed, H.H., Hj Mohd Arshad, M.R. Cross-platform mobile applications for android and iOS (2013) Proceedings of 2013 6th Joint IFIP Wireless and Mobile Networking Conference, WMNC 2013, , pp. -. DOI: 10.1109/WMNC.2013.6548969


Mohideen, Z.A., Muhamad, S., Ghadzali, M.P., Mohd Arshad, M.R. A practical approach to radio frequency identification library management system (2012) 2012 IEEE International Conference on RFID-Technologies and Applications, RFID-TA 2012, , pp. 323-329. DOI: 10.1109/RFID-TA.2012.6404539


Al-Hashedi, A.H., Arshad, M.R.M., Hj Mohamed, H., Suhaimi Baharuddin, A. Identifying the determinants of RFID adoption intention in Hajj organizations (2011) 2011 International Conference on Research and Innovation in Information Systems, ICRIIS'11, , pp. -. DOI: 10.1109/ICRIIS.2011.6125714


Sulaiman, S., Mohamed, H., Arshad, M.R.M., Rashid, N.A., Yusof, U.K. Hajj-QAES: A knowledge-based expert system to support hajj pilgrims in decision making (2009) ICCTD 2009 - 2009 International Conference on Computer Technology and Development, 1, pp. 442-446. DOI: 10.1109/ICCTD.2009.190


Sulaiman, S., Mohamed, H., Arshad, M.R.M., Ahmad, A., Sulaiman, S. A knowledge-based approach to facilitate queries by hajj pilgrims (2008) Proceedings - International Symposium on Information Technology 2008, ITSim, 2, pp. -. DOI: 10.1109/ITSIM.2008.4631665


Ishak, Z., Arshad, M.R.M., Sumari, P. Adaptive hypermedia system in education : Review of available technologies (2003) ICICS-PCM 2003 - Proceedings of the 2003 Joint Conference of the 4th International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing and 4th Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia, 3, pp. 1767-1771. DOI: 10.1109/ICICS.2003.1292770


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